Study of the anatomical structure of herba rutae (Ruta graveolens L.)

  • A. R. Grytsyk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
  • M. V. Melnyk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
Keywords: Ruta graveolens, anatomical features, grass, leaves, stems, flowers


In the article the results of Ruta graveolens anatomical structure research are represented.

Microscopic analysis was carried out by the well-known methods using the microscopes LOMO R-1 (Russia) and REICHERT L.4 (Austria).

Anatomical structure of Ruta graveolens is studied and basic diagnostic features are distingiished.

The diagnostic microscopic features of Ruta graveolens raw material are: subepidermal skhizo-lysogenic containers, extemal single-celled glandular hair and intemal idioblasts in the stems; upper epidermis cells of the leaf are with faintly undulating sides; lower epidermis cells are with sinuous sides; stomata are found mostly on the underside of leaves; stoma complexis of the anomotsitis type.

The practical significance of our research is used to work out the project of quality control methods for medicinal herbal raw material – «Herba Rutae».


1. Medicinal plants: Encyclopedic reference book / Ed. acad. Academy of Sciences of the USSR AM Grodzinsky. - K .: Ukrainian encyclopedia of them. MP Bazhana, 1990. - P. 387-388.
2. Dobrochayeva D. N., Kotov M. I., Prokurin Yu. N. The determinant of higher plants of Ukraine. 2nd ed. - K .: Phytosotsiocentre, 1999. - P. 213-214.
3. Plant resources of the USSR. Flowering plants, their chemical composition, use; The family Rutaceae - Elaeagnaceae. - SPb: Science, 1988. - C. 17-19.
4. Pharmacognosy. Medicinal raw materials of plant and animal origin: Uch. allowance / ed. G. P. Yakovleva. - 2nd ed., Corrected. and add - SPb .: Special Lit., 2010. - 863 p.
5. Chekman I.S. Clinical herbal medicine. - K .: LLC "Rada", 2006 - 656 p.
6. Furst G.P. Methods of anatomical and histochemical research of plant tissues. - Moscow: Nauka, 1979. - 154 p.
7. State Pharmacopoeia of Ukraine / State Enterprise "Scientific Expert Pharmacopoeia Center". - 1st kind. - Supplement 2. - Kharkiv: RIREG, 2008. - 618 p.
How to Cite
Grytsyk, A. R., & Melnyk, M. V. (2019). Study of the anatomical structure of herba rutae (Ruta graveolens L.). Farmatsevtychnyi Zhurnal, (4), 82-88. Retrieved from