Morphological and anatomical research of Sanicula europeae L.
The introduction of new medicinal plants’ species and the products of their processing into domestic medicine needs the improvement of standardization and quality control systems. Therefore, an important step in the development of quality control methods are morphological and anatomical studies, which allow us to identify the medicinal plants’ raw materials and their basic anatomic diagnostic features.
The aim of our work was to conduct the morphological and anatomical study of aerial and underground organs of Sanicula europaea L., which grows in the Precarpathian region.
The objects of the study are Sanicula europaea L. herb and rhizomes with roots.
The study of raw materials’ macroscopic and microscopic features have been conducted according to the SPhU requirements.
The basic morphological diagnostic features of Sanicula europaea L. have been defined. They are: the stem is bare, simple; the leaves are long- or short-petioled, finger-separated, with cogs which end with bristle; petals are white or pale-pink. Rhizome is cylindrical, spindle-shaped, solid and subramose with numerous lateral roots. Lateral roots are cylindrical, sometimes twisted spiral.
Microscopic diagnostic features of aerial and underground organs have been studied. Upper epidermis cells are parenchymal with undulate-emarginate thin membranes; the lower epidermis cells are with winding membranes; stomata are of anisocytic type and are found mostly on the underside of leaves. Rhizomes and lateral roots have without-bundle type of structure and there are found the crystals of calcium oxalate.
Defined basic morphological and anatomical diagnostic features of Sanicula europaea L. are used for the project of medicinal plant materials quality control methods working out.
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