Investigation of chemical composition of aster purple loosestrife (Aster salignus Willd)

  • S. D. Trzhetsinsky Zaporizhzhia State Medical University
  • V. I. Mozul Zaporizhzhia State Medical University
  • A. Y. Dyachenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University
  • I. A. Vlasenko Shupyk National Medical Academy of Post-graduate Education, Kyiv
Keywords: aster purple loosestrife, mass spectrometry, gas-liquid chromatography

Abstract

In modern medicine is paid much attention for the search of new sources of natural bioactive compounds. The genus aster (Aster L.) aster family (Asteraceae) includes more than 500 species of herbaceous perennials, widespread in Europe, Asia, Africa, Central and North America, Russia and Ukraine. The chemical composition of plants of the genus aster has not been studied. Plants used as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic agents, their prescribed for pulmonary, gastrointestinal diseases.

The aim of the work was to study the content of biologically active substances in aboveground organs asters purple loosestrife (Aster salignus Willd).

The content of volatile and lipophilic compounds in the grass aster purple loosestrife determined chromatography-mass spectrometry. Determination was performed by using Agilent Technologies 6890 chromatograph with mass-spectrometric detector 5973. The amount of lipids extracted from the dried and crushed material with hexane. Qualitative and quantitative composition of the fatty acids examined by gas-liquid chromatography, gas chromatography HP 6980 with flame ionization detector.

As a result of research in the grass asters purple loosestrife established the presence of 44 volatile substances, in which are dominated terpenoids: spatuenol (150,16 mg/kg), aromadendrenoxyde (1) (120,10 mg/kg), aromadendren (113,21 mg/kg) , germakren D-1,10-epoxyde (104,3 mg/kg). The content of total flavonoids in the grass aster purple loosestrife, based on the routines calculation, is 2,16 ± 0,01% in the phase of mass flowering.

According to the analysis it was found that in the lipophilic fraction of seeds of aster purple loosestrife dominated unsaturated fatty acids: linoleic (76,25%), oleic acid (8,85%). Saturated fatty acids are represented in a large amount as palmitic acid (8,22%).

References

1. Breham A. The Life of Plants: The Newest Botanical Encyclopedia. - M .: Eksmo, 2007. - 976 p.
2. Vakhrusheva L.P., Vorob'eva N.V. Color atlas of plants of the Crimea. The book is the first one. - Simferopol: Business-Inform, 2010. - 448 p.
3. Gubanov I. A. and others Aster amellus L. (including A. Amelliodes bess., A. bessarabicus Bernh.) - Astral camphor / Illustrated determinant of plants of Central Russia. - M .: T-sci. ed. KMK, 2004. - T. 3. Closed-seeded (bipedal: separate lobes). - P. 347.
4. State Pharmacopoeia of Ukraine / State Enterprise "Scientific-Expert Pharmacopoeial Center". - 1st kind., Additional. 2. - Kharkiv: State Enterprise "Scientific Experimental Pharmacopoeia Center", 2008 - 620 p.
5. Kosev P. A. Medicinal plants: the most comprehensive reference book. - M .: Eksmo, 2011. - 944 pp.
6. http://flower.onego.ru/other/aster.html
7. http://zhelva.narod.ru/photo5/a-amellus.htm
8. http://www.templatecms.ru/biologia/semejstvo_astrovye_slozhnocvetnye.html
Published
2019-02-12
How to Cite
Trzhetsinsky, S. D., Mozul, V. I., Dyachenko, A. Y., & Vlasenko, I. A. (2019). Investigation of chemical composition of aster purple loosestrife (Aster salignus Willd). Farmatsevtychnyi Zhurnal, (2), 45-48. Retrieved from https://pharmj.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/242
Section
Pharmacological, phytochemical research