System of higher pharmaceutical education in Japan
Japan has created one of the leading economies of the world. Advances in high technology are an example for many countries. In this country, the level of medical care is high. Japan is one of the largest developers and manufacturers of pharmaceutical products in the world. The quality of education is undoubtedly plays an important role in maintaining of above named indicators. Japan's experience in the field of pharmaceutical education without a doubt is very interesting and useful for our country. The purpose of this paper is to summarize and analyze the system of pharmaceutical education in Japan based on the study of publications and postdoctoral training in Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences. We used the method of data synthesis and content-analysis. In Japan, there are several types of higher education institutions with different types of founders, namely universities, junior colleges, technical colleges, colleges of specialized training, among them national, public and private. Usually, in Japanese universities students are trained for 4 years, although in medical, dental, veterinary and more recently in the pharmaceutical universities they study 6 years.
Japanese students should gain experience of clinical pharmacy in hospitals (11 weeks) and in the public pharmacy (11 weeks). During the program, students are engaged in research work. Graduates defend research project. After the end of a 6-year program, students take the national examination for pharmacists to obtain a license to engage in pharmaceutical activities.
Pharmaceutical education in Japan is concerned at developing skills of interaction of the pharmaceutical worker with the medical staff and patients. Pharmaceutical worker is primarily a highly skilled health care specialists. Pharmaceutical education in Japan pays considerable attention to the research training of the students. It devotes a significant part of the educational time for the subjects related to the methodology of drug development, such as: bioanalytical chemistry, mechanism of drug action, pharmacokinetics, medicinal chemistry (structure-activity relationship), toxicology, the development of new drugs by directed synthesis. Due to the fact that our country needs its own new high-performance drugs, so it makes sense to introduce the Japanese experience that will help prepare highly qualified specialists and researchers, including through a better understanding of the above subjects.
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