Study of Flammulina velutipes biomass dry powders vitamin composition
Vitamins are not the structural components of cell membranes, as fats and proteins, not energy sources, as reserve substances, but they are the part of enzymes, which catalyze reactions of metabolic processes in the body and also they are involved in the construction and functioning of cellular structures. Vitamins complexes, which are contained in vegetable and animal products, have significant advantages over the synthetic compounds, because they are in a harmonic relationship and combination with other biologically active substances.
The aim of this study was to conduct vitamin`s content in medicinal mushroom Flammulina velutipes biomass, that is obtained by biotechnological synthesis methods – submerged culture and cultivation in static conditions on the water suspension with waste of CO2-extraction – Amaranthus flour (60 g/l).
The content of B group vitamins was determined by fluorimetry (vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B9), vitamin PP – by spectrophotometry method.
It was found that the quantitative vitamins content in the medicinal mushroom`s biomass was slightly fluctuated. In the both substances folic acid was dominated (37.94 ± 2,0 mg/100 g – biomass dry powder, obtained in submerged culture, 31.67 ± 1.67 mg/100 g – biomass dry powder, obtained in static conditions), riboflavin had the lowest content (1.13 ± 0.03 mg/100 g – biomass dry powder, obtained in submerged culture, 0.03 ± 1.08 mg/100 g – biomass dry powder, obtained in static conditions).
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