Major and trace element composition of the representatives of the genus aboveground Sonchus
Trace elements, despite their high concentration in the human body, plays a very important role in biochemical processes. Observations made in different regions of the world show that there is some connection between the consumption of human micro and macro contained in food and the incidence of certain diseases. Per person affects the whole complex of factors, and the content of inorganic elements is only one aspect of these relations, but unquestionably biologically active substances of plants is that they are contained in the plant material in natural balanced complexes and are not alien to the human body.
The object of the study were the flowers, leaves and grass sow thistle field, as well as flowers, leaves and grass sow thistle collected during flowering in the Kiev region (near Kiev in 2014). Quantitative and qualitative determination of macro- and microelements was carried out using x-ray fluorescent spectroscopy analysis on the device ElvaX-med (Ukraine). There were identified four microcell, 6 trace elements and 2 ultramicroelements.
The largest total content of elements defined in the grass sow thistle field – 2543.91 mg/100 g, the lowest in the leaves of sow thistle field – 1037.56 mg/100 g. Also, in the test objects identified iron, zinc and bromine. Majority microelements in the grass sow thistle are iron – 13.93 mg/100 g and zinc – 2.74 mg/100 g. Majority microelements in the grass sow thistle field are iron – 15.31 mg/100 g and bromine – 10.20 mg/100 g.
2. Gubsky Yu. I. Biological chemistry. - K.-Vinnitsa: New Book, 2007. - 656 p.
3. Marintsova N.G., Zhurahovskaya L. R., Gubitska I. I. and others. Biological chemistry. - Lviv: Lviv Polytechnic Publishing House, 2009. - 324 p.
4. Khortetskaya T.V., Smoylovskaya G.P., Mazulin O.V. Investigation of the composition of macro and microelements of plant material of Plantago media L. flora of Ukraine // Ac. farm question honey. Science and Practice - 2013. - No. 1 (11). - P. 12-14.
5. Plant Resources of the USSR: Flowering plants, their chemical composition, use. Family Asteraceae (Compositae) / Otv. Ed. P. D. Sokolov. - SPb .: Nauka, 1993. - 351 p.
6. Mnushko Z.M., Valdovsky A.O. Cgmentation of potential consumers of iron medications based on data on the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia // Zaporiz. honey. journ - 2013 - No. 4 (79). - P. 21-24.
7. Galchenko S. М., Korotkov P. A., Kirilenko E. K. X-ray fluorescence method for determination of the microelement composition of drinking water // New technologies. - 2009. - No. 1 (23). - P. 214.
8. Krupskaya T.K., Loseva L.P., Anufrik S.S. Possibilities of X-ray fluorescence analysis in research of microelement composition of food products and raw materials // Food industry: science and technology. - 2013. - No. 4 (22).
9. Jaaparidze JI, Shavgulidze NV, Hvtasi N. S. and others. Determination of heavy metals in human hair by methods of differential pulsed polarography and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy // Ukr. journ from the problems of labor medicine. - 2008. - No. 2. - P. 58-63.
10. Lapach SN, Chubenko AV, Babich PN, Statistical methods in medical-biological research using Excel. - K .: Morion, 2000. - 320 p.
11. Kaplunenko V.G., Sadogurskaya KV, Chekman I.S. Khrom and nanokhrom: properties, prospects of application in medical practice // Ukr. honey. a magazine - 2014 - No. 1 (99). - P. 14-16.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.