Anti-inflammatory properties of the extract of maruna virgin (Tanacetum parthenium L.) on the model of chronic inflammation modeled by the Freund’ adjuvant in rats

Keywords: chronic inflammation, experimental adjuvant arthritis, anti-inflammatory action, thick extract of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) herb


Еhe aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of a thick extract of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) herb in chronic inflammation (adjuvant arthritis) in rats.

The anti-inflammatory properties of the water-alcohol thick extract of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) herb (ETP) were studied in the model of adjuvant arthritis (ADA) (0.1 ml of Freund's adjuvant (PAF), once subcutaneously at the base of the tail of white nonlinear male rats (body weight 200–220 g). After 7 days, the introduction of PAF was repeated (subcutaneously in the right hind paw of rats). The animals were divided into 4 groups of 9 rats each, in the intact group – 6 animals. Distilled water (1 ml/100 g) was administered to positive control animals (PCs) on the background of pathology. An aqueous solution of ETP (50 mg/kg) and diclofenac sodium (1% starch suspension, 8 mg/kg) were administered from day 1 of the experiment and for four weeks daily intragastrically once daily. The volume of the affected foot (V) was measured using a LE7500 plethysmometer (PANLAB, Italy) in dynamics – at 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days after administration of a permissive dose of PAF. The intensity of inflammation in rats was assessed by peripheral blood parameters, biochemical indicators - markers of the inflammatory process. Statistical analysis of data was performed using the standard software package «Statistica v. 6.0». Differences between groups were considered statistically significant at p <0.05.

The course of ADA was characterized by the development of systemic inflammation, as evidenced by an increase in the number of leukocytes, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the content of C-reactive protein (CRP). A statistically significant increase in the level of LF and sialic acids indicates membrane-destructive processes in connective tissue. Against the background of ETP significantly decreased the level of the main indicator of inflammation CRP 2 times, the content of markers of destruction of joint tissue  – sialic acid and LF decreased by 1.9 times relative to PC animals, indicating a positive effect on local and systemic manifestations of inflammation in ADA. The effectiveness of ETP was not inferior to diclofenac sodium (DS).

Based on the data obtained, it can be concluded that the studied ETP at a dose of 50 mg/kg in the ADA model in rats has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and is not inferior to diclofenac sodium, which makes it promising further research as an effective anti-inflammatory agent.


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How to Cite
Kyrychenko, I. V., & Mischenko, O. Y. (2022). Anti-inflammatory properties of the extract of maruna virgin (Tanacetum parthenium L.) on the model of chronic inflammation modeled by the Freund’ adjuvant in rats. Farmatsevtychnyi Zhurnal, (3), 103-112.
General and Clinical Pharmacology